Coherent and incoherent addition of waves

If the waves are coherent, then the resultant intensity is given by I = I1 + I2 + 2 √(I1 I2 Cos Θ), where Θ is the phase difference between two waves. For the constructive interference the value of Θ = 0°, so that the Cos Θ = 1 and for the destructive interference the value of  Θ = … Continue reading Coherent and incoherent addition of waves

Potential Difference – misconception

What actually it means when we say “potential difference across..” ? Does it indicate that the somehow the energy level of electrons across it is less than on the other side or is it just the amount of energy consumption across it. If latter is true then in AC we’ve voltages which dont algebraically add [...]